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November Planting: Fruit and vegetables to plant in November

Written by Nicola Wallis

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Posted on 11 November 2021

Winter gardening is more about prep for very early spring crops. Sowing in November will take the pressure off in spring.  Getting as much planted as you can in November, will save you time when temperatures rise again.  There is another advantage though: The roots of your plants will help to keep the soil together and stop it being eroded by harsh weather.  Soil can really degrade if left bare during harsh winter storms and planting helps to prevent this.

Avoid disappointment by appreciating that most of the crops will not be ready for eating in the winter months and spring is when you’ll get your reward. However, some, like winter salads, take a matter of weeks and pak choi as a cut and come again can be ready for eating in little over a month.

Vegetables to be sown directly in November

There are many fruits and vegetables which enjoy growing during cold weather it

is a perfect time of year for planting cool-season vegetables and bare-root fruit trees, which are dormant when planted, but then have the full season to grow as soon as temperatures increase in spring. Fruit trees to plant now includes apple, pear, cherry, plum, blackcurrant, raspberry, and gooseberry. Both raspberry and blackberry plants will require a support before being planted in.

Blueberry and strawberry plants can be planted this month, and both do well in patio planters.

Rhubarb crowns can be planted now in well prepared soil with lots of organic matter.

Leafy greens such as kale and endive lettuce can be grown this month with

November also being part of the Swiss chard growing season. Winter salads such as winter gem and lambs lettuce can be grown now but will need to be sown under cloches or cold frames for protection from harsh weather.

Hardy peas and Broad beans can be sown directly in autumn which will bring your harvest forwards by a few weeks.  

Hardier varieties of spring onion, such as ‘Performer’, can be sown in autumn for winter and spring harvests. They do well in patio planters and can be protected with cloches.

Other vegetables to sow or plant in November include pak choi and asparagus crowns.

Plant onion, shallot and garlic sets now. Try elephant garlic which huge bulbs with a mild flavour.

Vegetable seeds to sow indoors in November

Herbs such as basil, parsley, dill, and chives as well as chilli peppers can be sown all year round, to be grown indoors on a bright windowsill.
Enjoy whatever you plant in November!

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