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Your Guide to Lunar Gardening - Planting a Vegetable Garden with Lunar Phases

Written by Sarah Talbot

Moon Gardening for Beginners

Lunar gardening full moon behind treeHave you ever considered that the moon could influence the growth of your vegetable garden?

While it might sound like a tale from folklore, planting a vegetable garden with lunar phases has deep historical roots and a growing body of scientific support. In this guide, we'll explore the fascinating practice of lunar gardening, its origins, and the intriguing scientific evidence that suggests the moon's phases can positively impact plant growth.

Lunar Gardening: A Historical Perspective

Ancient Wisdom

The concept of planting by the moon's phases dates back thousands of years and can be traced to various cultures across the world such as the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians.  These cultures were the first to record the moon's influence on plant growth.

The Moon's Impact on Tides

One of the earliest connections people made was between the moon and tides. The moon's gravitational pull creates tides in oceans, and it was believed that this same force could affect the moisture content in soil and the sap within plants.

If the gravitational pull influences the movement of water in soil - it could also impact how well plants absorb water and nutrients. This insight laid the foundation for lunar gardening practices.

Biological Rhythms

Plants, like animals, have biological rhythms that respond to environmental cues. Some studies suggest that lunar cycles may affect these rhythms, influencing germination, growth, and flowering. 

Lunar Calendars

Moon over sea controlling hte tidesMany ancient cultures developed lunar calendars to track the moon's phases and align planting and harvesting with them. These calendars often included guidelines for planting different crops during specific moon phases. If you look online today there are many calendars that will track the moons phases and advise what you should do in the garden.

The Four Lunar Phases

Lunar gardening revolves around four primary moon phases:

  1. New Moon: A time of new beginnings and root growth. 
  2. First Quarter: Ideal for planting above-ground crops with leafy greens.
  3. Full Moon: A period of strong energy, excellent for planting fruit-bearing crops.
  4. Last Quarter: A time for pruning, weeding, and soil preparation.

Some take this a step further and follow the moon’s passage through the sidereal to further divide gardening tasks based on when the moon passes in front of each sign of the zodiac sign.  This takes approx 2 1/2 days per sign and each sign corresponds to an element which in turn governs the best crops to plant.

  • Earth signs - Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn - Earth days are the best days to plant root crops
  • Water signs - Cancer Scorpio, and Pisces - Water days are the best days to plant leafy crops like spinach, lettuce etc. 
  • Air signs - Gemini, Libra and Aquarius - Air days are the best days to plant flowers and veg like cauliflower and broccoli 
  • Fire signs - Aries, Leo, Saggitarius - Fire days are best for planting fruits and seeds  - like tomatoes, onions, garlic, peppers
Scientific Evidence: The Moon's Influence on Plant Growth

 While lunar gardening has historical roots, modern science has shed light on the potential mechanisms behind the moon's influence on plants.
Some agricultural studies have reported improved crop yields when planting by lunar phases. While results can vary, with the prize of using less chemicals to encourage growth and create more disease reistant crops up for grabs, there is a growing interest in exploring the potential benefits.

How to Start Gardening by the Moon

Even if you are filing this under 'mumbo jumbo' and don't think this is for you, it is a fun experiment to try it out.  For the sake of waiting 3 days for the right time to plant - why not?   

How to implement Lunar Gardening in your own vegetable garden

Lunar Calendar

Begin by obtaining a lunar gardening calendar or app that provides information on the moon's phases. These resources can help you plan your planting and gardening activities accordingly.

New Moon: Root Crops

During the new moon phase, focus on planting root crops like carrots, potatoes, and radishes. This is the time for strong root development.

First Quarter: Leafy Greens

This phase is associated with above-ground growth. As the moon transitions into the first quarter, plant leafy greens such as lettuce, spinach, and kale. 

Full Moon: Fruit-Bearing Crops

The full moon phase is ideal for planting fruit-bearing crops like tomatoes, peppers, and beans. Expect vigorous growth during this time.

Last Quarter: Maintenance

Use the last quarter phase for maintenance tasks like pruning, weeding, and soil preparation. It's a time to nurture your garden for the next cycle.

Observe and Adjust

Keep a gardening journal to record your experiences with lunar gardening. Over time, you may notice that some of what you are doign is actually working and notice patterns that work for your garden.

Exploring the Cosmic Garden

While the practice of planting a vegetable garden with lunar phases may not be for everyone, it offers a unique perspective on gardening—one that connects us to ancient wisdom and the cosmos. At the very least it's a journey worth exploring which may bring a sense of harmony to your garden, So, the next time you gaze up at the moon, consider how its phases might be guiding the growth of the plants in your garden. Happy cosmic gardening!



  • That’s an excellent point Janet

    Posted by Haxnicks | October 12, 2023
  • I believe the moon cycles also affect us as we have a high water content

    Posted by Janet febvre | October 11, 2023
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