Author Archives: sarah talbot

  • How to Grow: Damsons

    Growing Damsons

    Damsons_with_toast_damson_jamFirstly what are damsons?  Well, they are a sort of plum but not one you would want to pluck from the tree and eat.  They are tart rather than sweet.  They need to be cooked and are perfect for jams, pies, wine and Damson Gin (like Sloe Gin only nicer!)

    So why bother with them and not plump for a nice Victoria Plum?  The answer is that they are a hardy tree and so will fruit in situations where a plum tree may struggle.  You can even choose a dwarf damson which will allow you to have the tree in a small garden.  Or even grow it in a container such as the Vigoroot Potato / Tomato planter. 

    The trouble with growing  trees in pots is that the tree will eventually become pot bound.  Once fruit trees become pot bound they produce less fruit.  The advantage of growing in Vigoroot is that the roots are air pruned, so the tree will never get pot bound and the improved root structure encourages the tree to produce more fruit.  So, provided it is given enough food and water it should produce a bumper crop every year.

    When to plant damsons

    Damson trees often come "bare-rooted" which means that there is no soil around the roots. Plant them from late autumn to early winter as trees generally shut down and become dormant in winter.  So this is the best time for them to be planted as it means that their growth is not interrupted.  

    Pot grown (with soil around the roots) can be planted at any time. 

    Where to Plant

    Most trees like full sunlight, south facing perfection.  Damsons are less fussy so provided you can shelter it from being too wind blown and get the soil right it will give you fruit.

    Growing Damsons

    Damsons need a good, nitrogen rich soil with a high pH of above 6.  So it is worth testing your soil with a simple kit from the garden centre before you plant.   

    Planting

    If your soil needs adjustment then dig a big hole, if not then just big enough for your roots to fit in without being cramped.  If your soil needs adjustment then you may need to add bonemeal to the base of your hole and mix in compost as you are refilling the hole.  Test again and if your pH is still below 6 then mix in some lime to get the conditions just right.    

    In early spring scatter 75 grams per square yard of general purpose fertilser such as blood, fish & bone around your tree. 

    For best results its a good idea to retest your soil every 3 to 4 years and add some lime around the plant if needed to keep the pH up to around 6.

    Caring for your Damson Tree

    Watering

    They need to be kept moist. Especially bareroot trees as they may suffer a little root damage when they are lifted.  To help with this place a Tree Mat around the base of the tree to reduce water loss and to protect the tree from weeds.  In dry weather water well, especially in the early years until it has become fully established.

    A new tree will not produce fruit for the first 2 to 3 years until it has become established.

    Pruning

    Damson trees need little pruning. They will generate some twiggy growth which can be cut back when the tree becomes too congested but it doesn't have to be done every year.

    Like other plums, damsons should only be pruned from late spring to early autumn (April to September). Pruning during the winter increases the chance of the tree becoming infected with silver leaf fungus.

    Pollination

    Damsons are self-fertile, so you don’t need to plant more than one. However, like all self-fertile trees it is likely to produce a much better crop if cross-pollinated by another tree.  So if you want to add a plum tree then this will help your damson crop.  Make sure you choose one that flowers at the same time though. 

    Harvest

    Harvest in late August – September.  The fruits quickly become soft when picked so make sure you have your plans in place for how you will use them before you pick.  

    Common Problems

    Silver Leaf Fungus - The fungus infects the wood through wounds - mainly caused by pruning - and causes a silvering of the leaves followed by death of the branch.   Avoid it by pruning only in summer when there are far less spores around and wounds will heal quicker.  Remove any infected branches and leaves as soon as you see them.

    Frost & Wind damage - losing blossom to frost or high winds will severely affect the crop.  You can prevent this by using a Fruit Tree Net  When bad weather is forecast, fit the net over the tree and wrap any excess around the trunk.  Remove it once the blossom has set in Spring, to allow for pollination.  You can then put it on again to provide chemical free pest protection until your crop is ready to pick.   

    Trunk damage - Another common problem for young trees is damage to the trunk from mowers and strimmers.  This can be prevented by using the Tree Mat as detailed above to suppress plant growth close to the tree.  You can also use a StrimGuard to wrap around the tree whilst you are strimming or mowing.

  • New sustainable gardening tools

    new_prodcut_2019_bamboo_scoopHaxnicks Bamboo Scoop

    A garden scoop is one of the most useful things to have in the garden.  Yet, many gardeners get by without one.  They scoop compost out with a whatever is to hand.  A handy trowel maybe?  It works but as it has no sides it holds very little it makes pot filling much longer than it could be.  The alternative is to pick up the bag of compost and tip it.  Cue compost all over the floor and an aching back at home time!  So, i say even though you can get by without a garden scoop make 2020 the year you treat yourself to a Bamboo Scoop!

    The new Haxnicks Bamboo scoop is made from the same tough material as the Bamboo pots.  If treated nicely (don't leave it down the side of the shed in the rain all winter!) It will last 5 years +.  After use it is fully compostable.  Just break into pieces to speed the process and add to your compost heap.  See exactly how, and learn more about the material in this video. If you have a trusty plastic one then do keep using it until it gives up the ghost. But when it comes to replacing it, the more sustainable Haxnicks Bamboo scoop is the way to go.

    Bamboo Plant Markers

    new_rpoduct_2019_bamboo_plant_markerAnother first from Haxnicks.  The first sustainable Bamboo Plant Markers.  There's purpose needs no explanation but I'd just add they are compostable just like the rest of the Bamboo range and free of BPAs and petroleum based plastics.  And they will help you remember where you planted your carrots. Because, lets face it, although you are 'sure' you will remember - if you are like me, you never will!

     

     

     

  • Grow at Home: Cauliflower

    Growing Cauliflower

    cauliflower_purple

    Cauliflower can be a tricker crop than many to succeed with, but the effort is well rewarded, with beautiful white or purple heads (also known as curds) that taste delicious and leave the shop bought versions behind.

    Soil and Aspect

    Cauliflowers need a well-consolidated soil which is deep, fertile and moisture retentive, so best to dig several months before planting, incorporating well-rotted manure or garden compost.  Alternatively plant after a crop of nitrogen-fixing green manure.

    Best planted in an open sunny site, it is important to avoid frost pockets if growing winter varieties.

    Sowing Cauliflower

    Sow the seeds of summer varieties in a cool greenhouse in mid-winter for an early crop. Prick out the seedlings when they are large enough and harden off for a couple of weeks before planting out in rows 50cm apart with protection in early spring.

    Autumn and Winter varieties can be sown outdoors in the late spring.  Sow thinly in nursery beds before planting in a permanent site. Thin to 5cm apart and transplant seedlings when they are 10cm tall and bearing 5 to 6 leaves - take care in lifting them.  Remember to water in well.

    Depending on the variety the final spacing should be 60-70 cm apart.

    Aftercare

    After planting, mulch the crop with garden compost - quick to produce in a Rollmix Composter.

    Water in dry periods with occasional feed and cover with netting to protect from birds - Giant Easy Net Tunnel will help shade from the sun too.

    Fold the leaves up around the head to protect from rain and frost.  Then use collars around the stems to protect from cabbage root fly.

    Harvesting and Storage

    Start harvesting when the heads are small so that not all of the crop is taken at the same time.  Florets separate or turn brown when they are too mature.  So better to opt for smaller specimens than leave it too late.

    Cauliflowers can be stored on the stem, hung upside down in a cool dark place for up to three weeks - mist occasionally.

    Pests and Diseases

    Cauliflowers are susceptible to the issues as cabbages - pick up some tips in our Spring Cabbages Blog.

     

     

     

  • Grow at Home: nutritious Microgreens

    What are Microgreens?

    new_rpoduct_2019_microgreens_closeup

    Microgreens are tiny, edible, immature veg plants.  They are ready - from seed to plate - in just a few weeks so are satisfyingly quick to grow.  They need very little space or equipment so are great for beginners or urban gardeners.  You can eat both the leaves and stems and harvest them simply with scissors or snips as and when you need them.

    As an extra plus side they are packed with a higher percentage of nutrients than their more mature versions.  Do not confuse them with sprouts which are generally grown in a jar and are germinated seeds that are eaten root, seed and shoot.

    So if you are looking for freshness and want to to make your home cooking a little more "fine dining"  without breaking the bank then try microgreens.  They can be used in many dishes and will add flavour, colour and texture to even a simple sandwich.

    Which seeds to choose?

    Most of the veg you would normally grow in the garden such as beetroot, broccoli, chard, cauliflower, cabbage, salad greens, herbs etc can be grown as microgreens.

    You can buy specific microgreen seeds which are sold in most garden centres.  This is a good place for beginners to start as they are specifically designed for easy, successful growing and often contain a colour coordinated mix which will look good too.   If you have seeds that weren't sown last year though - or know someone who does -  it is worth giving these a go as microgreens too.

    Microgreens are usually grown inside.  They can be grown outside in warmer months too though.  As you will have to do more pest protection plus remember to water them it is probably easier to keep them on the windowsill where they will get your attention though.

    Sowing Microgreens

    Take a shallow container or seed tray - the Haxnicks Bamboo Seed tray is ideal.  Next take a Haxnicks Microgreens Mat and place it into the tray.  The Microgreens mat is a made of natural materials making the whole set up plastic free.

    If you want to use a different seed tray or a container like the plastic container your grapes came in or an old take-away container, then just poke some holes in the bottom to make sure there is drainage and cut the mat to fit.

    • Check the seed packet for any special instructions.  Sprinkle the seeds evenly onto the mat
    • Water lightly - or mist if you have a suitable sprayer.
    • Place it on a warm, sunny (ideally south facing) windowsill in direct sunlight.   If the weather is not too warm then you may wish to cover with a piece of glass or clear plastic to encourage germination.
    • Mist or water the mat once or twice a day- depending on the temperature - to keep it moist not wet.  Sprouts should appear within around four to seven days.  Continue to water once or twice daily.
    • Once the seeds have sprouted, remove the cover (if you used one.) Continue to mist once or twice a day.

    Harvesting

    microgreens_in_seed_trayThey should be ready in around two to three weeks.  Harvesting is simply a case of taking scissors and snipping off a few.  Cut just above the mat as and when you need them.

    This is where the Microgreens mat really comes into its own.  The microgreens need to be washed but as they have not been in soil this process is much easier than it would if they had been grown in compost,  Simply wash them  as you would salad and pat dry on paper towels.

    Use in sandwiches or to scatter over salads, soups and other dishes to give an extra punch of flavour.

    You can pick what you need and leave the rest to continue growing.  However, if you feel the microgreens are getting a little large then you can cut them.  Store them unwashed  in a plastic bag in your refrigerator.  Then just remove, wash and use as required.

    Pest and Diseases

    As you are growing inside pests are much less likely but light may be an issue early in the year.  Like any plant, Microgreens need direct sunlight to thrive.  Around four to five hours a day should be enough.  However, watch out for spindly, pale growth which might indicate insufficient light.  If you find they aren't getting enough then either use a grow light or wait until a little later in the year to try again when days are longer and can meet the plants' light needs

  • Grow at Home: Shallots

    Shallots are a member of the onion family.  Divine in stews where they enrich the whole dish as they melt into oozy gorgeousness.  They can also be pickled if you like a crunchy tang.

    Sowing Shallots

    banana_shallots_cut_in_half_on_slateShallots can be grown from seed but sets (immature bulbs) are the more common way to start them. Sets are quicker to mature and better in colder regions.  They are also harder for pests such as birds to unearth giving a greater success rate.  Seeds are, of course, more economical as you get more of them for your money.

    Plants are easy to grow and can be grown in any well-drained, fertile soil in a sunny position. They need a long growing period but make a good companion plant so can be planted between faster-growing crops.

    Preparing the Ground

    To prepare your bed add some organic matter such as manure or garden compost.  Also add in a moderate dressing of any general purpose fertiliser.

    Plant the sets 10" (25cm) apart in rows 16" (40cm) apart from mid-November to mid-March. Gently push them into soft, well-worked soil so that the tip is just showing and firm the soil around them.

    Birds can be a problem lifting the sets; covering with fleece will prevent this.  If this is a problem in your area you may actually want to sow the sets into Rootrainers instead.  See this Exploring the Rhizosphere blog if you'd like to know why this works!

    If you would rather start shallots from seed, sow from March to April 1cm (½in) deep in rows 12 in (30cm) apart. Each seed produces a single shallot. Thin seedlings to anything from 1-3in (2.5-7.5cm) apart, depending on how large you want the individual shallots to develop.

    Growing Shallots

    You will need to keep them weeded so that they don't get overwhelmed.  The SpeedHoe or SpeedHoe Precision if you have planted them in a busier bed will both be perfect for this task.  Water if the weather is dry.  Try to avoid overhead watering as this could encourage Onion Mildew (see below). Remove any flower spikes as soon as they are seen.

    Harvesting

    In around July the foliage will start to turn yellow.  this means that the shallots are ready to harvest. Use a fork to lift the bulbs.  Separate the clusters and allow to dry. Store them like onions in a Haxnicks Veg Sack in a frost free place.

    Pest & Diseases

    Onion white rot - A soil-borne fungus that can cause yellowing and wilting of the foliage and  rotting of the roots and bulb below the soil. A white fluffy fungus appears on the base of the bulb and later becomes covered in small, round black structures.

    There is no real cure for onion white rot once it is in the soil. Get rid of contaminated plants.  Take care to avoid spreading it to other sites on muddy boots or tools used in the area.

    Onion downy mildew - another fungal disease that damages foliage and bulbs. Watch out for this when there are very damp conditions.   It leads to reduced yields.

    Try to avoid it by using the recommended spacings and not sowing plants too densely.  Weed regularly too.  This will ensure that they have plenty of light and air around them.   Remove any affected leaves.

     

  • Grow at Home: Spring Onions

    spring_onion_cut

    These easy to grow and quick to harvest salad essentials can be eaten either raw or cooked. Spring Onions must be eaten fresh and cannot be stored like other onions - a perfect reason to grow them at home and enjoy fresh from the garden. Sow continuously throughout the growing season and harvest eight weeks after sowing.

    Soil and Aspect

    Like most onions, Spring Onions prefer a light soil, but there will grow in most soils that are rich in organic matter. Crop rotation helps prevent infection from pests and diseases. They can also be grown in window boxes or planters in a peat free potting mix such as Growlite.

    Spring Onions grow best in an open sunny site, but can tolerate some shade.

    Sowing

    Sow every three weeks from early Spring to late summer for a continuous crop from spring through to early Autumn. To harvest an early Spring crop sow ‘White Lisbon Winter Hardy’ or any other hardy variety in late summer or early autumn. This crop will overwinter and be ready for picking in early Spring. Sow crops thinly in rows 1cm deep with 10cm between each row.

    Aftercare

    Water in dry condition and weed during the growing season. Protect overwintering spring onions with a cloche in cold weather - Easy Tunnel would be ideal.

    Spring_onion_tops

    Harvesting and storing

    From sowing to harvesting takes around seven to eight weeks. Use a small hand fork to loosen the ground before pulling. Thin out the crop when harvesting, taking out every other plant and leaving the rest to grow on.

    Pests and diseases

    Onion fly is the main pest, turning the leaves yellow as the bulb is eaten by the maggots eventually killing the plants. Onion eelworm is another major pest killing young plants and damaging older ones by softening the bulbs. Destroy affected plants. Diseases such as onion white rot and onion downy mildew can also affect the plant. This is not a severe problem, however as their lifespan is so short – move to another growing site if symptoms appear.

     

     

  • Grow at Home: Chives

    Chives_flowers_on_plantsChives are a low maintenance perennial herb.  The botanical name, Allium schoenoprasum, derives from the Greek meaning reed-like leek - a very accurate description as they are a member of the onion family.  Their leaves therefore have a mild onion flavour and are great when chopped up finely and added to dishes.  They add that little extra to a potato salad and give scrambled eggs a boost. 

    They are a great addition to your diet as they are a rich source of vitamin K, C and folic acid and minerals such as manganese, magnesium and iron. As well as eating the leaves, they also have edible pink flowers that make an attractive garnish for salads.

    Sowing

    In early spring, sow a few seeds thinly across the surface a 3 inch or 4 inch pot or into plugs.  Cover with a thin layer of vermiculite, water and place in a heated propagator or warm windowsill to germinate.

    If you forget to sow seeds or want to save time, buy ready-grown plants.

    Growing

    Chives form 1ft (30cm) tall clumps.  They grow well in ground or in pots of soil-based compost  preferring a moisture retentive, well-drained soil.  Outside, plant them in a sunny or partially shaded position.

    Chives are very low maintenance.  Just keep them well watered, especially during long dry spells in summer.

    Lift plants every 3 years or so and divide them.  Simply cut with a sharp knife and replant the sections.  This will rejuvenate congested clumps in the ground or pots.  If they are in containers, either divide them or you could move them to a slightly larger pot.

    Chives die back in late autumn. Clear away any dead leaves to discourage pests.

    Harvesting

    Chives_chopped_and_cutYou have a win win situation with chives.  The more you cut the more they will produce. Simply snip the leaves with scissors close to the base of the plant.  To keep plants going, remove the flowers as they start to fade.  Don't forget to or use them for your salads.

    Chives are best used fresh.  If you want to store them then snip them up finely, pack into an ice-cube trays and add a little water and freeze.

    Pests & Diseases

    Aphids: Greenfly may be seen on the soft shoot tips of plants.  If you catch them early then you can just wash them off or pick them off with finger and thumb and squash them.

    Leek rust: This is a fungal disease causing bright yellow spots on the leaves.  You are more likely to see this when the weather has been wet.  Mild attacks of rust won’t harm the plant.  There is no control for rust once the plant has it.  so the best option is prevention.  Avoid crowding the plants, to keep humidity down.  Cut any badly affected leaves and don’t grow other members of the onion family: garlic, leeks or onions in the same spot for three years.

  • Air Pruning: Pippa Greenwood Expert Advice

    Air pruning is an amazing way to grow healthy plants that give bigger yields.  Learn all about it from expert horticulturist and BBC Broadcaster, Pippa Greenwood.

    Click on the picture below to increase the size or download the document here Air Pruning pdf.

    Air Pruning Page1 Air Pruning Page2

    For products that air prune see the following links

    Rootrainers

    Vigoroot 

    Read more about air pruning in these blogs

    The magic of Vigoroot

    Exploring the rhizosphere: how to grow trouble free onion sets...

     

  • New products for 2019/20 - its all about greener for Haxnicks this year!

    New Products 2019/20.  In preparation for the new season Haxnicks are launching some new products to make life in the garden that little bit greener in more ways than one.

    The first of these builds on our use of natural materials by adding to our bamboo range.

    Bamboo pots

    new_products_bamboo_potsThe range of biodegradable bamboo pots was incredibly well received last year so we have added 3 new pot sizes - 3" pot, 4" Pot and 8" Pot to help make your greenhouse plastic free,  We have also added two new saucer sizes 3" Saucer (for use with both the 3" and 4" pot) and 8" Saucer.

    Like the 5" and 6" pots and saucers and seed tray launched last year, the new sizes come in sage green or terracotta colour and still have the same 5+ years life and are compostable after use.

    Bamboo Plant Markers & Scoop

    Continuing the theme we have added a Bamboo Scoop and Bamboo Plant Markers to the range.  They are every day gardening necessities but with the increasing demand for non plastics they will add a new choice for gardeners.   The scoop is a good generous size and the plant markers are easy to write on so they will both work hard for you in the garden.

    Microgreens Mats

    new_rpoduct_2019_microgreens_closeup

    Continuing our use of natural materials we are introducing a Microgreens Growing mat.

    Made from natural coir, the mats are designed to fit neatly into the Haxnicks Bamboo Seed Tray.  This gives you a plastic free way of growing these highly nutritious micro-crops.  They can also be cut to size to fit other trays so are very versatile.

    Perfect for the urban gardener or anyone who would like to grow their own food. and isn't sure where to start.

    Green Fern Fleecenew_product_2019_green_fern_fleece_jackets

    The final product are a stylish addition to our Easy Fleece Jackets range.  The Green Fern Fleece Jackets are made of the same thick fleece as the current range but offer a natural leafy design that blends into your garden.  They come in Small (Pack of 4), Medium (Pack of 3) or Large (Pack of 2) so you can protect tender plants whatever their size.

    Simply slip them over your plant and pull the draw string to keep harsh weather at bay.  You can even double them up and add a second fleece if the forecast is really bad.

    Availability

    All of the New Products 2019/20 are on the website so that you can learn more about them.  You can also register here to be the first to know when they go on sale.

    Bamboo Pots, Plant Markers and Scoop.  These will be available to buy in garden centres and online in early to mid November.

    Microgreens mats and Green Fern Fleece.  These will be available to buy in garden centres and online in early to mid December.

  • Grow at Home: Horseradish

    Horseradish can be a bit of a giant in the garden with leaves reminiscent of Dock (Rumex).  Used really fresh as either a herb or a vegetable it adds a real kick to your harvest!

    Horseradish is easy to grow and the challenge may be preventing it from spreading too much .  It makes a perfect container plant and as long as you are aware that is is invasive, it is easy to handle.  The strong taste means that you need only small quantities so growing a single plant is ideal.

    It can be grown from seed but is easier to grow from pieces of root called thongs.  These can be bought all year round but planting is generally in Spring or Autumn.

    Soil and Aspect

    Horseradish thrives in any light rich soil, although it is not fussy and will prosper almost anyway where the soil has been prepared.

    Ideally you should grow it in it's own area rather than among other crops.  As with mint, it is possible to restrict the spread by planting in a planter.  Choose a deep planter to accommodate the roots.  The Haxnicks Potato Planter is ideal.

    Propagation

    For a container use ½ manure and ½ compost as horseradishes love manure.  Make some deep vertical holes with a dibber, then drop in a thong so that the top is 2in (5cm) beneath the surface of the compost and cover. Three thongs in a container is the maximum.  You only need a tiny amount though, so as I mentioned before you may only want one plant.  Place in a sunny or partially shaded spot or in the greenhouse if you are starting them off early. Growth will soon appear above the surface of the soil in Spring.

    Once you have established your plants you can divide them to get more.  Plant clumps or root sections out in the Autumn or Spring to increase your number of plants.  If you are planting more than one then allow 30cm between them.

    Harvesting and storage

    If you intend to lift plants completely that have been growing on lighter soils then you must make sure to remove all of the root to avoid regrowth and deep roots travelling across your plot.

    Horseradish is best harvested as it's needed during the growing season. If using the leaves then these are certainly best used fresh from the plant and harvested when young.

    For winter use, the roots can be lifted and stored in trays of moist sand for up to two months

    Culinary Uses

    Fresh Horseradish has a stronger flavour than shop bought versions so do be prepared and taste as you go along!

    The roots are the main harvest from the Horseradish.  They can be simply peeled and grated for use in salads or mixed with creme fraiche and vinegar to make a sauce for use with roast and cold meats.

    The leaves can be used in mixed salads in the same way that you might add herbs and also in dishes where you may like to add them to Chard or other leafy vegetables to add depth of flavour.

     

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